What is a Redfield?
A Redfield is real property or land with known environmental contaminants or conditions that will require remediation. Often the government or a reliable third party have made a formal determination that remediation will be necessary as a prerequisite to the property’s redevelopment—to mitigate potential human health risks or to comply with environmental laws. Many Redfields are already subject to government regulatory orders or enrolled in voluntary cleanup programs. Unlike a Brownfield, there is no doubt about whether a Redfield is contaminated. A Redfield is affirmatively known to be contaminated and will likely require active remediation in its redevelopment. Contaminated property could fit into the definition of Brownfield; however, selecting Redfield as the primary status of your property signals the marketplace that real estate reuse requires corrective action and such remediation is sought.
The Redfield tag was given to the group of nine un-named exclusions from Congress’ definition of Brownfield (link) in the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act, which provides that a brownfield does not include:
- a facility that is the subject of a planned or ongoing removal action under this title;
- a facility that is listed on the National Priorities List (Superfund) or is proposed for listing;
- a facility that is the subject of a unilateral administrative order, a court order, an administrative order on consent or judicial consent decree that has been issued to or entered into by the parties under this Act;
- a facility that is the subject of a unilateral administrative order, a court order, an administrative order on consent or judicial consent decree that has been issued to or entered into by the parties, or a facility to which a permit has been issued by the United States or an authorized State under the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1321), the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.), or the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.);
- a facility that (1) is subject to corrective action under section 3004(u) or 3008(h) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6924(u), 6928(h)); and (2) to which a corrective action permit or order has been issued or modified to require the implementation of corrective measures;
- a land disposal unit with respect to which— (1) a closure notification under subtitle C of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6921 et seq.) has been submitted; and (2) closure requirements have been specified in a closure plan or permit;
- a facility that is subject to the jurisdiction, custody, or control of a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States, except for land held in trust by the United States for an Indian tribe;
- a portion of a facility—(1) at which there has been a release of polychlorinated biphenyls; and (2) that is subject to remediation under the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.); or
- a portion of a facility, for which portion, assistance for response activity has been obtained under subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6991 et seq.) from the Leaking Underground Storage.
Read the Act here.
If your property requires remediation or immediate attention, use the Redfield tag to send a clear signal to remediation professionals and corrective action experts. See how to tag your property or project as a Redfield by learning How to List or Get Started.
Find more definitions in the Brownfield Listings Terminology and discover all the tags you can use to best describe the conditions on your property—or tag as experience on your Profile—in the BL Taxonomy.